Uncorrected refractive errors are the commonest causes of visual impairment in school children in worldwide including India, Nepal and China. It is easily corrected by a simple pair of spectacles if they wore regularly. but we all know that the Children are restless. They don’t want to wear the glasses. It is very important to wear glasses for those who have the refractive error. Especially under 7yrs of age to prevent the amblyopia. Because the uncorrected refractive error is the most common cause of amblyopia. It’s very difficult to treat after 7 yrs of age. Sometimes after prescribing glasses also, parents delay to offer them glasses.
Few parents often complaining that their children don’t want to wear glasses. In the modern era, children spend maximum time with their grandfather, grandmother or caretaker as parents are busy with the job. But parents should spend more time with their children.
Why child don’t want to wear glasses?
There are several reasons for a child’s disinclination to wear glasses and it is important to find the proper reason.
First of all fittings of glasses. Is it fitted properly? Improper fittings of glasses can cause headache.
- Loosely fitted glasses keep on slipping down on the child’s nose. So it hampers daily living activity. Because It is very difficult to play the outdoor game with loose fitted glasses.
- If the temple of glasses is too tight against the side of the head or behind the ear, that can cause pain.
- It takes little times for adjustment. Parents or doctor thinks spectacle means clearer vision but the glass new for the child. He or she needs time to adjust with new glass. So adaptation period is very important.
- If none of family person or classmates wears glasses then they think it in a different way.
- Sometimes the child wants different colors of glasses or logo in the glasses. If parents neglect the child choice then the child may be loose interest to wear the glasses.
What parents can do to motivate their child’s to wear glasses?
- First of all need to overcome all above issues. Select proper size and shape of the frame which suits with child’s face.
- Find the special child interest about the glasses if they want any specific color, brands or logo with their glasses.
- Offer more than one glasses if they interested of 2-3 glasses. Maybe the frame suits with dresses.
- Parents should wear glasses at home; even they can wear glasses with zero power.
- Initially, can try for a shorter period of time that may be half an hour or one hour. Slowly increase the wearing time until they fill the beneficiary of glasses.
- Parents need to spend sometimes with children. Play the indoor game or outdoor game with the child while he wearing glasses. Watch television or play the mobile game when you wearing glasses so that child can motivate to wear the glasses.
- Motivate then to read story books with glasses.
- Put some poster or photos on your wall that wears glasses. If you child can identify their favorite singer, actress, athlete or cartoons character who wear glasses too, then create a collage and paste up in their room. Suppose your kids like to watch Harry potter movies so, you can paste a poster of harry potter in his room. Also, you can offer him same style spectacle.
- Sometimes offer chocolate or their favorite food for wearing glasses.
- Find someone in the classmate who wearing glasses. Advise them to sit together in the classroom.
- Inform to class teacher about the spectacle and teacher should monitor as well as encourage them to wear glasses.
- Buy their favorite toys who wear glasses.
Parents should spend maximum time with their children. Also, they need to understand kids and remember you never win against the kid. Few cases optometrist/ophthalmologist advice for patching along with glasses as a part of amblyopia treatment. The child generally not allows doing patching. If parents o nearest one do patching the eye along with them, then they will do it easily.
What are the roles of the school teacher?
School teacher plays significant roles to motivate the child for wearing glass. First of all, they should notice the child in class. Are they using glass regularly or not? What does he feel about glass? The child should not be feel inferior complex. Encourage them and tell them that they are smarter than others.
Another important thing is that what others think about him? Sometimes class friends are irritating those who are wearing glasses. They used to call some different name like CHASMIS (In Hindi). It affects s psychologically to kids. Though studies told that at the young age this thing is very less or minimal and its increase with teenage and adult age. But sometimes adverse comments by friends is a big issue. Any kinds of emotional abuse should not be tolerated in the classroom.
Finally, I want to say that it is a combined effort of everyone to remove all obstacles to spectacle availability and wear. There was a study published on 2013 at Pune district India (1). They dispensed free of cost spectacle to 2312 students on 2009 and on 2010 they randomly checked about 2010 students. They found that only 29.5% were wearing spectacle at the school. Rest all reported that they having glasses in their home or missing. So little care of students by school managements or teachers can prevent the visual impairment. Practically family and surrounding people support plays significant role to overcome the situation. In India so many people are living below poverty line. The condition is more rural area and few family may not be able to offer the branded or very good quality of spectacle to their children. There are several NGO (Non-governmental organization) working on it. Lack of support is a big issue but utilisation of service is very important where family person and surrounding people play significant role.
There may be other techniques available to motivate the child to wear spectacle. Every child is special and different so we need to understand that and according to that, we need to deal the situation. Your comments and suggestions are welcome.
- Parikshit Gogate, Debapriya Mukhopadhaya etc. Spectacle compliance amongst rural secondary school children in Pune district, India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan; 61(1): 8-12